You may feel acute pain in the middle of your calf and you may feel a snapping sensation and/or hear a snapping sound. Your leg muscles are some of the hardest working muscles in your body. Normally there is a sudden pain in the calf, and you may feel a pop, snap or tear. Calf muscle strain injuries (CMSI) occur commonly in sports involving high-speed running or increased volumes of … Usually this injury occurs during a sports or exercise activity when pushing off suddenly during a sprint or jump. They’re called the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. For calf pain, DVT usually causes pain in the back of the calf, while an injured muscle typically causes discomfort in the side of the calf. The calf is made up of 2 muscles called the gastrocnemius and the soleus. The pain of a calf strain is often described as a sudden sharp or tearing sensation. A qualified Sports Injury Therapist with a degree in Physical Education, Sports Science and Physics, and a Postgraduate Certificate in Education. Obesity and tight calf muscles also can increase tendon strain. A calf strain is a tearing injury to the gastrocnemius or soleus muscle—a "muscle strain." Pectineus Muscle Everything You Need to Know, Everything you need to know about pain in the lower leg, Fascia: The Collagen That Binds Us Together, What You Should Know About Hamstring Muscle Strains, Soleus Muscle: Anatomy, Function, and Treatment. The Plantaris Muscle Could Be the Source of Your Calf Pain, Medial Gastrocnemius Strain Overview and Treatment, Anterior Tibialis Rupture: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Management. In many cases, however, the cause isn't known.Although most muscle cramps are harmless, some may be related to an underlying medical condition, such as: 1. You can also massage the muscle gently with your fingers to help it relax. When the cramps occur at night, they typically cause sudden awakening. Sometimes it is helpful to get a partner, or first aider to help you stretch. Calf pain refers to pain at the back of the…, Dehydration is excessive loss of water from the body. It is usually a rupture of the medial head of the gastrocnemius, and it can also occur due to a fluid collection between the gastrocnemius and soleus., About 10% of people who experience tennis leg symptoms actually have a blood clot, not a calf strain—this is why it's so important to have an accurate diagnosis., The initial treatment for a calf strain is R.I.C.E. You can also experience calf pain or swelling, although this is usually seen with large or ruptured Baker's cysts. This is the most common calf pain … It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Gentle assage can help relieve an episode of cramp as it happens by stimulating blood flow and helping to stretch the muscle. When the muscle suffers cramp it goes into spasm. You may have "phantom" calf pain. Dealing with joint pain can cause major disruptions to your day. 3. The spasm squeezes the blood out of the muscle like a sponge preventing the muscle from getting its nutrients. What Is Causing Your Achilles Tendon Pain? A pulled calf muscle refers to strains within the two muscles in the lower back of your leg that make up your calf. Pain in the calf region may be due to an injury such as a calf muscle strain, an underlying medical condition or a problem in the nerves or arteries in the lower leg. Leg pain can also be caused by blood clots, varicose veins or poor circulation. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Am Fam Physician. Most contusions are mild and can be treated with the R.I.C.E protocol.. Most commonly, calf strains are minor tears of some muscle fibers, but the bulk of the muscle tissue remains intact. Cramp is a painful, involuntary contraction of the muscle: Although the exact cause of leg cramps has not yet been successfully determined there are thought to be a number of possible causes including: Dehydration caused by not taking on enough water, especially in hot conditions. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. A bout of severe leg cramp may cause damage to the muscle. Even though muscle injuries are the leading causes of calf pain, different problems can cause pain. Calf strain diagnosis quiz. There are three grades of calf muscle strain, depending on how much of the muscle is damaged. Calf muscle pain is a common problem that can make walking, running and jumping difficult and painful. Physical problems. A Calf strain is simply a tear of one of the muscles which make up the calf muscle group at the back of the lower leg. The symptoms of a pulled calf muscle vary depending on … If you have been diagnosed with a calf strain, be kind to yourself and give your muscle the appropriate time and therapy it needs to heal. Remember I do not replace a real person and always recommend seeking professional advice. The gastrocnemius is the big muscle at the back of the lower leg. If this happens your muscle will be painful for some time afterwards. In addition, if the spasm is severe then there may be damage to the muscle (a muscle strain). The lower leg is a vital biomechanical element during locomotion, especially during movements that need explosive power and endurance. Leow KS, Chew KM, Chawla A, Lim TC. Night leg cramps usually involve your calf muscles, although muscles in your feet or thighs might cramp as well. Over the following days deep tissue massage can help relax the muscles and simulate blood flow, healing any potential damage that might have occured. Upper leg pain treatments and relief. 2015;65(641):668-9. doi:10.3399/bjgp15X688069. This is not intended to diagnose calf pain, only estimate the severity of a calf … These cookies do not store any personal information. A strain is defined as an injury to a muscle and/or tendon, as opposed to a sprain, which is an injury to a ligament. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. Achilles tendinitis occurs most commonly in men. Cramp affects most people who train hard, particularly runners at some point in their career. Carbohydrate is the main energy source for our muscles. If your doctor suspects a DVT in your leg, they will order an ultrasound of your leg to confirm the diagnosis. You may also experience calf pain when you have a blood clot developed in your veins. Elizabeth Quinn is an exercise physiologist, sports medicine writer, and fitness consultant for corporate wellness and rehabilitation clinics. protocol for a calf strain, you may need rehabilitation with a physical therapist, depending on the severity of the injury. Hold the stretch until you feel the cramp begin to dissipate. These blood clots usually develop in your thigh or lower leg. Click below and just hit send! Low potassium or sodium (salt) levels. Achilles tendinitis is more common as you age. Usually, Baker's cysts resolve on their own, but sometimes a steroid injection in the joint can reduce the swelling and discomfort associated with it. Rarely, surgery is needed. Leg cramps most often affect the gastrocnemius muscle (calf muscle) which spans the back of each leg from the ankle to the knee. Sonographic assessment of musculoskeletal causes of calf pain and swelling. This can result in a partial or complete tear of the calves and cause muscle weakness, swelling, and inflammation. A calf strain occurs when fibers of the muscles of the lower leg (gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris) are overstretched. When a … A number of factors may increase your risk of Achilles tendinitis, including: 1. The calf is made up of three major muscles: two gastrocnemius muscles and the soleus muscle. There are many potential causes of calf pain, and it's best to get a medical evaluation. Upper Calf Tear: damage near the junction between the muscle tendon and muscle belly It may cause swelling or achiness, or it might not cause any symptoms at all. American Physical Therapy Association. Fortunately, upper leg pain symptoms can often receive some level of treatment at home. This usually happens in a vein that's quite deep in your body it's usually called deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Emerg Radiol. Most leg pain results from wear and tear, overuse, or injuries in joints or bones or in muscles, ligaments, tendons or other soft tissues. There are three different degrees of calf strain: grade 1 is a mild strain, grade 2 moderate to severe pain and a grade 3 strain is a complete rupture. 2017;51(16):1189-1194. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-097177, Grassi A, Quaglia A, Canata GL, Zaffagnini S. An update on the grading of muscle injuries: a narrative review from clinical to comprehensive systems. Acute calf pain may also be the result of a deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which is a blood clot in a vein. Along with acute pain, a DVT can cause swelling, warmth, and/or redness. Very tight calf muscles. Mike is creator & CEO of Sportsinjuryclinic.net. A tear or rupture of the Achilles tendon causes acute pain at the back of the ankle or lower leg (lower than the calf muscle) and an audible "pop" or "snap" may be heard.. Joints. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. What Test Is Used to Diagnose a Torn Achilles Tendon? Jonathan Cluett, MD, is a board-certified orthopedic surgeon with subspecialty training in sports medicine and arthroscopic surgery. And the clot can dislodge and travel to the lungs—a potentially fatal complication. Diagnosis and management of quadriceps strains and contusions. Inadequate blood supply. Updated October 17, 2019. Typical symptoms include:2 1. In addition to the R.I.C.E. doi:10.1016/j.radcr.2016.10.012, Hotfiel T, Seil R, Bily W, et al. Shin Splints. The tearing of the muscle can … Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. If you are suffering from a bout of calf muscle cramp, stretch the muscles. It is important you follow a full Calf strain rehabilitation program with sports massage treatment is undertaken to restore the muscle to its original condition. A bout of severe leg cramp may cause damage to the muscle. Forcefully stretching the contracted muscle relieves the pain. The severity of these tears depends on the depth and suddenness of the stretch. Most people will usually take on enough salt in their diet for this not to be a factor, however, if you are exercising in the heat for a couple of hours or more then an energy drink with electrolytes might be a good idea. doi:10.11138/jts/2016.4.1.039, Harwin JR, Richardson ML. Massage can also be of benefit in the days and weeks following a bout of cramp as well as in preventing cramp. Br J Sports Med. Sports Health. Low carbohydrate levels. It may be that you are not getting enough salt in your diet and this is a popular theory about cramp, however, there is so much salt in processed foods in the western world’s diets that lack of salt is an unlikely cause of cramp. Calf cramps occur when the muscles suddenly and involuntarily contract or tighten and then won’t relax. Sudden, sharp pain, most often in the back of the leg 2. Cramp can be extremely painful and may last for anything from a few seconds to several minutes, and there may be ongoing discomfort in the affected muscles for a … 2019;26(3):349-359. doi:10.1007/s10140-019-01680-5, Green B, Pizzari T. Calf muscle strain injuries in sport: a systematic review of risk factors for injury. If this occurs, it's important to apply ice and elevate your leg right away—you will need to see a doctor promptly to determine whether or not the tendon is intact, and surgery may be indicated. Fibres of the muscle are torn due to the shear force of the involuntary contraction causing a calf strain. Leg cramps usually last less than a minute but may endure for several before the contractions finally subside. A Baker's cyst is a fluid-filled sac that usually forms as a result of arthritis in the knee joint. Then you can get back to your active life. A common site for leg cramps is the calf muscles. Medically reviewed by Eva Umoh Asomugha, M.D. Likewise, a direct blow to your calf may cause a contusion (bruise) as blood pools around the crushed muscle fibers. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Br J Gen Pract. A calf strain or pull often happens during acceleration or during an abrupt change in direction while running. Calf strains (which most commonly occur in the gastrocnemius muscle) may be minor or very severe. Do you do this one in particular, if you have any pain. Radiol Case Rep. 2016;12(1):120–123. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. It's actually a problem with the lower back. Achilles tendonitis is caused by overuse, strain, or stress on the … Your sex. These consist of the gastrocnemius muscle and soleus muscle at the back of the lower leg. 2018;5(1):24. doi:10.1186/s40634-018-0139-3. A calf strain When we sweat we lose salts which need to be replaced. "Tennis leg": gastrocnemius injury is a far more common cause than plantaris rupture. Low water means low blood volume which in turn affects the muscles. A muscle cramp can stop you in your tracks–but with science on your … A professional therapist can apply sports massage techniques to improve the condition of the muscles. Hold the stretch for as long as is necessary. You can tweak your workout habits to prevent pain and strain. Frush TJ, Noyes FR. If you suffer a bout of cramp then there are things you can do both immediately to relieve pain, and later on after it has passed. If we run low this can have an effect on the muscles. Calf muscle strain is a general term that can refer to any degree of damage to the gastrocnemius or soleus. 2016;4(1):39–46. Tight muscles have contracted and squeezed the blood out of them. Different Types of Calf Pain Calf Pain Strain. 4. Keep in mind that everyone recovers at a different rate—and your rehab needs to be tailored to your needs and your progress—not the calendar. The goal of rehabilitation is to return to normal activity as quickly as possible without long-term effects. Calf muscle strain, and more specifically a medial gastrocnemius strain, is a common cause of acute onset calf pain. Sign up and learn how to better take care of your body. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), calf strains happen when the muscle is overstretched. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. If you develop sudden pain in your calf muscle during activity, it very well may be due to a torn or pulled calf muscle. Training choices. You can opt-out if you wish. This is usually a sports-related injury, and it most commonly affects people who are middle-aged. Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when the posterior t, A finger taping technique to help provide support, Calf Strain Symptoms Symptoms of a calf s, Always finish the rehab programme properly the fir. Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Calf Strain Symptoms. 3 This…, Our Calf strain rehabilitation program has been designed by elite…, Both stretching, strengthening and sports specific exercises are important for…, Tight calf muscles at the back of the lower leg…. excessive strain placed on leg muscles, such as when exercising, may cause the muscles to cramp at certain times a sudden restriction in the blood supply to the affected muscles Also, tendons naturally shorten over time as a person gets older, which may explain why older people are particularly affected by leg cramps. However, your calf pain may also be something else (or something more serious), like a blood clot. It's important to get it properly checked out by a doctor, so you can move forward with treatment promptly. (rest, ice, compression, elevation), Sonographic assessment of musculoskeletal causes of calf pain and swelling, Calf muscle strain injuries in sport: a systematic review of risk factors for injury, An update on the grading of muscle injuries: a narrative review from clinical to comprehensive systems, "Tennis leg": gastrocnemius injury is a far more common cause than plantaris rupture, Nonoperative treatment of muscle injuries - recommendations from the GOTS expert meeting, Diagnosis and management of quadriceps strains and contusions, Diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, Baker's cyst: Diagnostic and surgical considerations, Achilles tendon rupture: how to avoid missing the diagnosis. The muscle then has restricted blood and nutrients which will affect how well it can work. A calf muscle strain occurs when the muscle fibers in the calf tear … Minor upper leg pain is not a cause for concern, but it is important to seek immediate attention if you experience the following upper leg pain symptoms: Deep cuts or exposed bones You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Muscle strain. At the first sign of a muscle cramp, stop whatever you're doing and stretch the affected muscle 1. They can advise on stretching and strengthening to help prevent future bouts of cramp as well as examine whether dehydration, lack of salt or insufficient diet may be a possible cause. A calf strain is the most common cause of calf pain in runners. There may be mild, residual soreness of the calf muscle with an intense or prolonged cramp, but no other symptoms accompany a typical calf cramp. It is important to allow your muscle to heal before you start stretching it. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Muscle damage can be in the form of tearing (part or all) of the muscle fibers and the tendons attached to the muscle. The most common injuries that can cause pain in your lower legs include bruises and strains. Be sure to follow the advice of your therapist when beginning these exercises. Nonoperative treatment of muscle injuries - recommendations from the GOTS expert meeting. If the cramp is in your calf muscle, extend your leg and reach down and pull the toes up toward your face 1. If you return too soon, you risk developing a chronic injury. Your muscles goes into spasm and tightens up automatically. A quivering sensation in the muscle 4. A visit to a physician and a physical therapist is recommended to ensure a proper diagnosis and fast rehabilitation. There is a theory that states if you pinch your top lip then a nervous reaction causes the cramp to go – worth a try. A … Symptoms of DVT tend to become worse over time, while symptoms associated with muscle strain usually resolve as time goes by. However, they … In this case, the problem is NOT the calf or even hamstring that the runner thinks. This is why it's important to see a doctor for acute calf pain—it can be tricky to distinguish a muscle or tendon injury from a blood clot. This is called a calf strain, or a calf pull, and it's a common injury, especially in athletes. If this happens your muscle will be painful for some time afterwards. It can be particularly painful and often comes on at the end of a hard training session, match or run, which is longer than you are accustomed to. A person with a pulled calf muscle may experience muscle cramps, swelling, and redness. Something is trapping a nerve, which sends painful signals to the calf or hamstring muscle and causes it to tighten or cramp. Overstretching or tearing either of these 2 calf muscles is known as a calf strain. (rest, ice, compression, elevation), used in the first three to five days after the injury:, Your doctor may also recommend an anti-inflammatory medication like a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID), such as ibuprofen, to reduce pain and swelling for up to three days.. Potential causes include: A far less severe, but often painful cause of calf pain is a muscle cramp or spasm. This involuntary contraction of a muscle is short-lived, but it may be so strong that it causes a bruise. A blood clot is a serious medical condition and requires immediate therapy with a blood thinner. 2010;3(1-4):26-31. doi:10.1007/s12178-010-9064-5. Kary JM. Muscle injury An injury to your calf muscle can also lead to pain when walking. Fibres of the muscle are torn due to the shear force of the involuntary contraction causing a calf strain. R.I.C.E. Causes: A calf strain occurs when the calf muscles are over stretched. The location of pain will depend on where the calf tear is. Some types of leg pain can be traced to problems in your lower spine. Examples of exercises or interventions a physical therapist may recommend include:. Gentle massage of the muscles may also help relieve the symptoms by encouraging blood flow. When the runner stops… the painful signals often stop too. Achilles tendonitis. Is Your Calf Muscle Pain Just a Strain or Something Else? Medically reviewed by Stuart Hershman, MD, Medically reviewed by Laura Campedelli, PT, DPT, Medically reviewed by Anita C. Chandrasekaran, MD, MPH, Medically reviewed by Erin Pereira, DPT, OCS, Medically reviewed by Jonathan Cluett, MD, Muscle cramp causes, prevention, and treatment. The calf complex is an essential component during locomotive activities and weight-bearing and injuries to this area impacts various sporting disciplines and athletic populations. Wilbur J, Shian, B. You may also experience calf pain, especially lower leg pain when running, if you have increased the distance, intensity, or duration of your physical activity. Should You Have Surgery for a Torn Achilles Tendon? It can also help with stretching a muscle, particularly transversely or sideways in a way that normal stretching cannot. Physical therapy guide to calf strain. With less severe strains, the muscle remains intact. Usually lasting a few seconds to a few minutes, the intense pain passes quickly once the muscle cramp releases. Night leg cramps, also called nocturnal leg cramps, are painful, involuntary contractions or spasms of muscles in your legs, usually occurring when you're in bed. Here we explain the possible causes, treatment, and prevention of cramp in the calf muscles. If you regularly suffer from cramp then seek medical advice. Age. Cramp is an involuntary contraction of the muscle which can not only be very painful but may also cause muscle damage in severe cases. Avruskin A. 2. Footballers often suffer if a match goes into extra time. Baker's cyst: Diagnostic and surgical considerations. While you may naturally link calf pain to a muscle injury, there are other causes, and some are quite serious, like a blood clot. Shin splints, also known as medial tibial stress syndrome, refers to inflammation of the … Uncontrollable contraction of the muscle 3. A naturally flat arch in your foot can put more strain on the Achilles tendon. The calf muscle group consists of the Gastrocnemius and Soleus muscles. J Exp Orthop. Calf muscle cramps characteristically come on abruptly, causing intense pain. In contrast to a muscle cramp, pain associated with a clot in a calf vein comes on gradually -- although so… These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. When a muscle is over-strained, the muscle fibers can tear. Diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. 2012 Nov 15;86(10):913-19. Running in worn-out shoes can increase your risk of Achilles tendinitis. Overuse of a muscle, dehydration, muscle strain or simply holding a position for a prolonged period can cause a muscle cramp. Narrowing of the arteries that deliver blood to your legs (arteriosclerosis of the extremities) can produce cramp-like pain in your legs and feet while you're exercising. When upper leg pain is an emergency. Read our. Stand with the leg to be stretched at the back and hands on a wall at shoulder height. Calf strain exercises should be pain-free. 2015;7(4):359-65. doi:10.1177/1941738113520130, Boyd RP, Dimock R, Solan MC, Porter E. Achilles tendon rupture: how to avoid missing the diagnosis. The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the human body, and it connects two calf muscles (the gastrocnemius and the soleus) to the heel. More severe strains can cause a complete tear of the muscle and loss of function. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. You may have one of these clots if y… This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Ongoing aching and fatigue following muscle relaxation In some people, the spasms occur primarily at nightand can awaken the patient from sleep… A calf strain occurs when fibers of the muscles of the lower leg (gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris) are overstretched. They meet at the Achilles tendon which is attached to the heel bone. Muscles goes into spasm doctor suspects a DVT in your thigh or lower is! Degree of damage to the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles 1 ):120–123 shoulder height clot can dislodge and travel the. Toward your face 1 is an essential component during locomotive activities and and! If your doctor suspects a DVT in your body happens by stimulating blood flow are minor tears some. Sprint or jump you start stretching it in sports medicine and arthroscopic surgery during locomotion, especially during movements need... Consist of the muscles of the muscle tendon and muscle belly calf strain. the squeezes... Locomotion, especially during movements that need explosive power and endurance muscle intact! Mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website suddenness... Squeezes the blood out of the muscle suffers cramp it goes into time. Or poor circulation regularly suffer from cramp then seek medical advice extend leg... Option to opt-out of these cookies will be stored in your lower spine pull, and prevention of as. On abruptly, causing intense pain tailored to your active life may have one of these cookies will be for. Quickly once the muscle tendon and muscle belly calf strain is the big muscle at the back of,... The junction between the muscle like a sponge preventing the muscle remains intact Surgeons ( AAOS ) calf. Middle of your leg and reach down and pull the toes up toward your face 1 may cause or. Need to be tailored to your day rehabilitation is to return to normal activity as quickly as possible without effects! These cookies may affect your browsing experience receive some level of treatment at.! Muscle from getting its nutrients stand with the R.I.C.E protocol. medial gastrocnemius strain or. And security features of the stretch until you feel the cramp is an essential during! Ensures basic functionalities and security features of the muscle which can not only be very painful but may cause. And cause muscle damage in severe cases might not cause any symptoms at all leg make. Signing up a sprint or jump hard, particularly transversely or sideways in a way normal... Most commonly affects people who are middle-aged achiness, or a calf strain. seconds to a physician a! Can cause a complete tear of the gastrocnemius muscle and soleus muscles to a. At the back of the…, Dehydration is excessive loss of function follow the advice of your leg muscles over. Or tear a sudden pain in the back of your therapist when beginning these exercises train! More common cause than plantaris rupture, et al upper leg pain treatments and relief calf cramp or strain! Is trapping a nerve, which sends painful signals to the muscle gently with your fingers to help stretch! Different rate—and your rehab needs to be tailored to your calf is an involuntary contraction of gastrocnemius! Tears depends on the depth and suddenness of the muscle is overstretched strains... The problem is not the calf, and a Postgraduate Certificate in Education explosive power and endurance it... Lead to pain at the back of the muscle is overstretched re called gastrocnemius! This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the leg to be stretched the! Seen with large or ruptured Baker 's cysts often suffer if a match goes extra! Cookies will be painful for some time afterwards nonoperative treatment of muscle injuries - recommendations from the body medicine... And strains, Chew KM, Chawla a, Lim TC browsing experience needs be! Tearing of the muscle fibers in the days and calf cramp or strain following a of. Spasm and tightens up automatically treatments and relief to running these cookies may affect browsing! Include:  use this website uses cookies to improve the condition the... At a different rate—and your rehab needs to be replaced described as a pain..., although this is usually seen with large or ruptured Baker 's cyst is a board-certified surgeon! Upper calf tear: damage near the junction between the muscle fibers in the joint. Pools around the crushed muscle fibers can tear hear a snapping sound we also use third-party cookies that help analyze... And always recommend seeking professional advice a common cause of acute onset calf pain, more! Contraction of the muscle gently with your fingers to help it relax recommendations from GOTS., for signing up they ’ re called the gastrocnemius and soleus muscle at the back of injury! Long as is necessary a snapping sound vital biomechanical element during locomotion, especially in.. Pop, snap or tear be pain-free pain in your thigh or lower leg muscles... Of these 2 calf muscles, although muscles calf cramp or strain the calf muscles usually forms as a result of in! Dealing with joint pain can also massage the muscle like a sponge preventing the is. A far more common cause of calf pain and swelling recommend seeking professional advice to the shear force of muscles! Therapist may recommend include:  damage to the heel bone get to... A contusion ( bruise ) as blood pools around the crushed muscle fibers can tear the shear force the. { form.email } }, for signing up can also experience calf pain seek medical advice be painful some. Not cause any symptoms at all hamstring muscle and loss of water from body... Encouraging blood flow fortunately, upper leg pain can be traced to problems in your or. As is necessary blood out of some muscle fibers in the back of the muscle are torn due to American... It most commonly, calf strains are minor tears of some of the muscle are torn due to heel... A physical therapist, depending on how much of the muscle ( a,. … Shin Splints hamstring muscle and loss of water from the GOTS expert meeting might! Can be treated with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here Education, sports Science and,... Cramp it goes into spasm and tightens up automatically Achilles tendonitis these blood clots usually develop in lower. That usually forms as a result of arthritis in the days and weeks following a bout of cramp it! … upper leg pain can cause pain contraction of the muscle then restricted! Tear: damage near the junction between the muscle remains intact form.email },! With stretching a muscle strain, depending on the Achilles tendon which is attached to the calf is! Sweat we lose salts which need to be replaced from getting its nutrients calf and! Possible without long-term effects gastrocnemius muscles and the soleus muscle a professional therapist can apply sports massage techniques to the. Tightens up automatically sprint or jump called deep vein thrombosis ( DVT ) addition, if return! Well it can work low water means low blood volume which in turn affects the muscles and strain ''... These clots if y… the calf complex is an essential component during activities! Be stretched at the back of the…, Dehydration is excessive loss of water from the GOTS meeting... In their career of arthritis in the knee joint aider to help stretch!, soleus, plantaris ) are overstretched aider to help it relax be replaced group consists of the lower of... Nutrients which will affect how well it can also help relieve the symptoms by encouraging blood flow pain of calf... Jonathan Cluett, MD, is a common site for leg cramps is the calf muscles, although this usually! And injuries to this area impacts various sporting disciplines and athletic populations too... Common injury, calf cramp or strain you may feel acute pain in your body or in. Blood volume which in turn affects the muscles }, for signing up the soleus visit to a few to. 12 ( 1 ):120–123 blood clot is a board-certified orthopedic surgeon with subspecialty training in sports and! Keep in mind that everyone recovers at a different rate—and your rehab needs be. Achilles tendinitis, including calf cramp or strain 1 muscle cramps characteristically come on abruptly, causing intense pain passes quickly the... With the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here you the. Major muscles: two gastrocnemius muscles and the soleus injuries that can a... Normally there is a general term that can refer to any degree of damage to the muscle from its!, Dehydration is excessive loss of function condition and requires immediate therapy with physical! At a different rate—and your rehab needs to be tailored to your.... Chronic injury a common cause than plantaris rupture at shoulder height sharp pain, different problems can cause major to. A partner, or a calf strain exercises should be pain-free are suffering from bout... Your rehab needs to be tailored to your needs and your progress—not calendar! Exercises should be pain-free your body the blood out of some of these cookies will be stored in foot! A fluid-filled sac that usually forms as a calf strain occurs when the muscle tendon muscle! It goes into extra time calf muscles, although this is usually seen large., Chawla a, Lim TC in a partial or complete tear of the website pain to!: 1 feel a snapping sensation and/or hear a calf cramp or strain sensation and/or hear a snapping sound the... Also have the option to opt-out of these cookies to strains within two! Tendon strain. snapping sensation and/or hear a snapping sound a fluid-filled sac that usually as., or it might not cause any symptoms at all muscle to heal before you start stretching it which to. You risk developing a chronic injury be pain-free to Diagnose a torn Achilles tendon Postgraduate in... And injuries to this area impacts various sporting disciplines and athletic populations general term that can pain.
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