First projects: The battleships of the Sovietskiy Soyuz class: These three units, which were put on hold in 1938 and 1939 under the first plan, remained unfinished because of the hostilities. Wikimedia Commons has media related to World War II naval ships of the Soviet Union This category is for naval ships designed, built, or operated by the Soviet Union during World War II (1939–1945). Ships sunk by Soviet avation at Baltic and Arctic . Mineshunters were also part of the force, including the Marti, a formerly rebuilt Shtandart imperial yacht, and Two Suurop (ex-Estonian), and the two netsmen of the Oneya class (barges reconverted in 1941). It will integrate 4 other ex-Latvian and ex-Estonian submersibles (Ronis, Spidola, Kalev, lembit) into the fleet, and received 4 British submarines of the S and U classes, named V1 to V4. Technically, the Soviets were very much in demand for advice and help from French, German, English, and especially Italian engineers. In 1941, the Soviet forces could count on three completely reconstructed and modernized dreadnoughts battleships, the Gangut (Octyabrskaya Revolucya), an economic solution for all nations. Following political instability built-up in Europe from 1930, Germany, which aimed to dominate Europe, attacked Poland on 1 September 1939, marking the start of World War II. Ships in service in December 1941. It was redesigned to finally establish itself at 155 submersibles, 248 MTBs, 49 destroyers and 9 destroyers leaders, but also 4 heavy cruisers. Dvenadsat Apostolov was a pre-dreadnought battleship built for the Black Sea Fleet, the sole ship of her class. The most effective and recent cruisers of the Russian navy were those of the Kirov class and Maxim Gokiy. The medium-sized submersibles (general class Schch) included the four units in series III, 40 in series V, V bis and V bis-2, 33 in series X and 12 in series X bis During the war). Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. Dvenadsat Apostolov participated in the failed attempt to recapture the mutinous battleship Potemkin in 1905. The former had been built as the latter in the Soviet Union, but their conception was almost entirely Italian. The latter, moreover, were elderly (the United States and Great Britain were reluctant to entrust the “reds”, allies of circumstance, valuable ships, fearing probably to have to find them in front of them later) and their confrontation With the Tirpitz or even with the pocket cruisers would have been undoubtedly disastrous. Finally, the naval development of the USSR was still accelerating in 1945: When the rearmament plan arrived at its In 1958, the Soviet fleet was ranked second in the world, above the Royal Navy. The latter were related to the coastal minesweepers of the Tral class. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ships of the Soviet Union: Subcategories. The USSR had planned ships of the line, rather late (see below). Second projects: Under the 1943-47 plan, and revised for the 1950-56 plan, the three major battle cruisers of the Stalingrad class saw their construction postponed to the 1950s and eventually demolished, with priority given to More reasonable and modern ships after the death of Stalin. The actions of marine troops at Sevastopol, Leningrad or Stalingrad are also all to be remembered. The total of some 1060 ship names includes 22 RAN, 41 RCN, 5 RIN, 9 RNZN, 3 SANF, 2 Dutch, 1 French, 7 Greek, 10 Norwegian, 6 Polish and 14 Russian, leaving 940 Royal Navy. The second five-years plan of 1933 was beginning a turn when the naval defense strategy, relying on a large number of submersibles and torpedo boats, coast guards and river monitors, favored the staff. However, the fleet rehabilitated a number of units: In 1941, it had a few ships of the Donskoi Kazak class, as well as other pre-Tsushima destroyers (reclassified as gunboats) and 16 Novik class ships. The following is a list of Soviet military equipment of World War II which includes artillery, vehicles and vessels. The last, class Komsomolec, will be built only in 1944-45, and affected against Japan. There are a total of [ 56 ] entries as part of the Soviet Union Warships List (Current and Former Types) in the Military Factory. She was hailed as the most beautiful warship of its time. However, that is where the similarities end; Russian destroyers excel at long- to mid-range gunnery wh… Losses of Soviet large civil ships during WWII: 1. The List of ships of World War II is an alphabetical list of major military ships of World War II. (4 units between 1942 and 1945), and the T371 class coastal ships, a total of 145 vessels and 250 vessels after the war. The Soviet Navy that fought in WW2 was a small (comparatively however on a larger scale than the kriegsmarine) in 1941, but with losses and fall in wartime production, dwindled rapidly; Nevertheless she was still an asset that Stalin used at best in the black sea and the Baltic until 1945. Riverine forces, of all these, were probably the most heavily involved into the fight due to the abundance of large rivers and tributaries from where th… The singularity of the Russian “naval operations” thus brought only a reduced teaching to the Admiralty to define its post-war policy. Indeed, in 1941, the number of new “super-dreadnought” or fast battleship units in service in the world was quite limited. However, they have certain peculiarities such as the adoption of 180 mm triple turrets in the main artillery, an unusual configuration (standard 203 mm – or 8 inches, of heavy cruisers or 152 mm – or 6 inches, of light cruisers). The last were from 1914-16, the first of 1904. There were also the Korall, a former Lithuanian ship, integrated in June 1941, the river monitors of the Udarnyi (2) class, Zheleznyakov (6), and the 1124/1125BKA and MBK, armed with standard tank turrets, 85 In service in June 1941, 68 in the process of completion, and 110 rapidly completed, totaling 270 till 1945. Nothing more to do with the other two. But from 1935, the Soviet Union finally had the will and the means to re-design ships of the line. https://wio.ru/fleet/ww2torpb.htm https://wio.ru/fleet/mtb.htm Soviet MTBs https://www.navypedia.org/ships/russia/ru_ms.htm, Argentinian Navy Brazilian Navy Armada de Chile Chinese Navy Danish Navy Finnish Navy French Navy Hellenic Navy Royal Indian navy Italian Navy Imperial Japanese Navy German Navy Polish Navy Romanian Navy Sovietskaya Flota Spanish Armada Swedish Navy Dutch Navy Royal Canadian Navy Royal Navy RNZN Sjøforsvaret Thai Navy Turkish Navy US Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy Minor Navies, diesel submarine type M "baby" XII series, Kirov, Gorkiy, Ukraina, Kavkaz, Komintern classes, Leningrad & Tashkent (heavy), Gnevnyi, Storozhevoi, Opytny, Sverdlov (Novik), Ognevoi, Marti, Onyega class, Suurop (1940), Don (1944). In 1926, with the restarting of the shipyards, 2 other battleships could be put back into service, as were 1 cruiser, 13 destroyers, 14 submersibles. 2. This class was to comprise a first group of 24 units, but it appears that only 14 were created. The four powerful battle cruisers of the Borodino class, Would have also come into service in 1917-18, but were all demolished by the revolution and demolished in 1923, except for the Izmail, which was still being worked on for some time, and which was demolished, In 1931. The other two units of the class, the Kaganovich and the Kalinin, were only ready in 1943 and 1944. This category has the following 7 subcategories, out of 7 total. Finally, the cruisers of the Chapayev class, started in 1938-39-40, launched in 1940 for the first, Will only be completed well after the war. Navy of Spanish civilian war: Big-sized color photos: Soviet naval turrets, German naval flaks Soviet squadron in 1944: the guardian cruiser «Red Crymeria», next the battleship «Sevastopol». The presence of an aircraft carrier would have been of great help, however, if only to protect its units, track the U-boats, repel the Luftwaffe. Riverine forces, of all these, were probably the most heavily involved into the fight due to the abundance of large rivers and tributaries from where they can operate from. References to specific designs, models, manufacturers, and/or modifications of ships and aircraft are used only for the purpose of historical consistency and do not assume any funding or other involvement in the project on the part of the holders of trademarks. On August 8, 1945, a short Soviet offensive was launched with the forces liberated from the Western Front and transferred to the East since May. But this was not the case. The Aurora was the famous cruiser that took part in the St Petersburg October revolution. Counter-offensive is began! The strategists of the Soviet Admiralty envisioned a form of naval defense close to the French theories of the young school, with few heavy units but many torpedo boats, minesweeper, submersibles and coast guard. The battle cruisers of the Kronstadt class, begun in 1939, were hardly more advanced. The XV-series units entered Service well after the German invasion, the first 3 in 1941-42, and 3 others after the war. The Russians also had 4 ex-Lithuanian units captured (T297), old units such as Amur, Minrep, Kluz and Udarnik, and the modern T301. Then there was the lack of budgets and infrastructure that prevented him from embarking on this type of project. Only warships with a displacement of 1,000tons or greater are listed. Most of the radars used by the Soviet Navy during World War II were from Lend-Lease. “Blue Beauty” (Tashkent) out of OTO Liverno shipyards in Italy, bound to Sevastopol to be fitted and armed. This plan was revised in 1929, with permission to build three heavy, 10 submersible, 16 MTBs and two river monitors. The following 17 pages are in this category, out of 17 total. The Yakovlev Yak-1 was a World War II Soviet fighter aircraft. In 1941 the Russian fleet had a large number of coast guard frigates, light but powerful ships. In 1941 the fleet consisted of 8 cruisers, the oldest being the Komintern (ex-Pamiat Merkurya, 1904), a training ship; The famous Aurora, because it was retained as a floating museum of the revolution from 1948 onwards and was put back into service in 1923 as a cadet training ship until 1931, Leningrad, until the invasion, bombed by the Luftwaffe then scuttled to avoid being captured. Fisanovich – ace commander of M-172 submarine (credits www.wio.ru). When the operations in Finland were carried out, they reflected the obstinate and devilish defense of the Finns at sea. Battleship Arkhangelsk, lend by the British (ex. The balance is made of the units to be retained. There were, on the spot, few units of value, no cruisers, no battleships to oppose German liners and cruisers before the transfer of two ships transferred under the leasing law ( Bearing the names of the ports concerned by these operations). The Soviet fleet inherited the impressive herd of the Tsarist navy, whose lineage of formidable units derived from the Novik of 1904, at that time the most powerful destroyer of the globe. The first Lend-Lease radars started to arrive in the USSR in 1942 and by the end of the war most of the large warships were equipped by some sort of radar. This category has the following 16 subcategories, out of 16 total. But the campaign continued on other fronts – September, the end of the war). She joined the fleet in mid-1893, but was not fully ready for service until 1894. Light cruisers left in shipyards by 1916-17 has been thoroughly modernized, sometimes entirely rebuilt like the Krazniy Kavkaz, as well. With a grand total of about 403,000 tonnes, the Soviet navy was classed seven in the world’s order, behind the Kriegsmarine. Finnish TB S2, former Russian Sokol. HMS Royal Sovereign) for the duration of the Arctic convoys. Bundesarchiv Bild 183-K0420-0021-001, Rostock, Überseehafen, Frachter.jpg 800 × 613; 64 KB. This plan focused on submersibles, of which 355 were scheduled, as well as 194 MTBs and 4 river monitors, as well as 10 heavy squadron and 20 destroyer destroyers. Now, as the navy and the Russian air force, having no coordination and their individual initiatives hampered by a heavy bureaucracy, did not rise to the task of facing the Kriegmarine and the Luftwaffe operating from their base Norway. A new Dnieper Flotilla was also constituted from ships of the Volga Flotilla in September 1943. diesel submarine type M "baby" XII series by AkSdev on Sketchfab. Most of the standard destroyers were the units of the 1936 plan, the Gnevnyi class, which will comprise 31 units, and those of the Storozhevoi class (20 units), and the unique Opytnyi. The latter, assimilated into a single “L” class, were minelayers completed shortly before, during or after the invasion. According all the western and german point of view, they can be easily classified as "Torpedo Boats" (smaller then Destroyers, but much larger then Motor torpedo boats).. Guard ships (SKR) "Tornado" of type "Hurricane" of Soviet Northern fleet. But also 1 cruiser, 2 destroyers and 2 submersibles for the Black Sea. The ship was assigned to the Baltic Fleet and spent the early part of her career deployed in the Mediterranean and in the Far East. The modest fleet of the pacific took an active part in it. The plan for the reconstruction of the merchant fleet had been started in 1925, and the Soviet fleet was naturally prepared to do the same. 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